(i) Ancient History

Pre-Historic Cultures In India

◆ Periodization of Indian pre history
◆ Sources of pre history
◆ Stone age
• Paleolithic Period / Old Stone Age
• Mesolithic Period/ The Late Stone Age
• Neolithic Period / The New Stone Age.
◆ Chalcolithic Age (4000 BC – 1500 BC).
◆ Iron age (1500 BC-200 BC).
◆ Impact of Iron.
HARAPPAN CIVILIZATION (2700-1700 BC)
• Origin and Evolution
• Important centers
• Major characteristics
• Decline

◆ CHALCOLITHIC SETTLEMENT
◆ IRON AGE
VEDIC AGE
• Early Vedic Period
• Later Vedic Period.

PRE- MAURYAN PERIOD
(6th century BC – 4th century BC).

◆ BUDDHISM
◆ JAINISM
◆ MAGADH EMPIRE
◆ THE MAURAYAN EMPIRE
INDIA AFTER THE MAURYAS
(200 BC to 300 AD)
• Sangas
• Satvahanas
• Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas
• Indo-Greek / The Bacterians
• The Shakas
• The Parthians
• The Kushanas
• Sculptural Art
• SANGAM AGE.

THE GUPTA PERIOD
• Political Background
• Important Rulers
• Adminstration
• Revenue/Trade & Towns
• Society / Caste System / Religion
• Art and Architecture
• Literature, Science and Astronomy.

◆ THE SUCCESSORS OF GUPTAS
HARSHAVARDHAN
(606 AD – 647 AD)

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