Q 1. What benefits do projects like the offshore wind energy have in India? Discuss challenges and suggest measures to resolve them. (250 words)
Approach: Start your answer by briefly introducing coastal wind energy. bandy benefits of coastal wind energy in India. bandy colorful challenges posed by wind energy in India. Conclude by suggesting measures to resolve these challenges. preface Offshore wind energy is the clean and renewable energy attained by taking advantage of the force of the wind that’s produced on the high swell, where it reaches a advanced and further constant speed than on land due to the absence of walls. In order to make the utmost of this resource,mega-structures are installed that are seated on the seabed and equipped with the rearmost specialized inventions. Body the composite periodic growth rate for wind generation has been 11.39 between 2010 and 2020, and for installed capacity, it has been 8.78. farther, the Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has set a target of installing 5 GW of coastal capacity by 2022 and 30 GW by 2030. Benefits of Offshore Wind Energy Effective compared to Onshore Energy It’s proven that coastal wind turbines are more effective compared to onshore bones
Wind speed over water bodies is high and is harmonious in direction. As a result, coastal wind granges induce further electricity per installed capacity. Also, smaller coastal turbines are needed to produce the same capacity of energy as compared to onshore bones.
- As the coastal wind is stronger during the day, it ensures a more harmonious and effective electricity generation when consumer demand is at its loftiest. In discrepancy, wind power on land performs better at night when power consumption is lower. High Productivity In addition to wind vacuity, the size of the creator and the turbine’s swept area will determine its productivity, thus, advanced the area the advanced the productivity. Long Operating Hours Offshore wind granges have a advanced Capacity Utilization than onshore wind granges. thus, coastal wind power allows for longer operating hours. Cover Larger Area It’s possible to make bigger and high coastal windmills, performing in increased energy crop. likewise, the wind inflow isn’t confined by hills or structure.
- Challenges of Offshore Energy in India Offshore wind means also present a set of challenges that have averted them from taking off in India. Understanding the specialized, non supervisory and functional challenges is pivotal. These include High Installation Cost Original substructure manufacturers, installations vessels and trained workers are lacking in India. Offshore wind turbines bear stronger structures and foundations than onshore wind granges. This can beget advanced installation costs.
- Accordingly, coastal wind energy tariffs in India are anticipated to be advanced than onshore wind energy. Lack of trained labor force Lack of trained labor force with centenarian specialized capacities, education, and specialization to design, install the turbine, turbine foundation construction, conservation of submarine electrical and communication lines, faults, and form. Wind oscillations Variations in wind distribution can impact the match between the input of wind energy into the grid and the everyday demand for cargo. Extreme Climate Condition Any extreme incident could destroy structure and make access more complicated. Hurricanes or storm surges can affect coastal granges in that respect and influence on wind turbine lifetime. Lower Levies In India, the GST Law exempts electricity and power deals from GST.
- In discrepancy, wind power generation companies can not claim input duty credits when they pay GST to buy goods and/ or services for setting up the design. The maturity of wind ranch factors need to be imported. Turbines, mills, inverters and evacuation architectures are precious due to the levies paid for their acquisition. However, early design development will be more affordable, If excise duties and GST could be waived. Enhance Research & Development The government needs to enhance its exploration installations and induce colorful programs to ameliorate coastal wind energy in India. Increase part of Private Sector The government need to open this assiduity to private sector, as we’ve seen in recent time that colorful launch- ups had showed their mettle, thus by increased participation of private sector would embark invention and reduce price of coastal wind energy in India. Owing to the vast eventuality in the entire bank, coastal wind energy in India can give the asked results to realize the climate commitment and energy security, the country is thriving for.